April 29, 1916
Ireland’s Easter Rising came to an end on this day in 1916. After five days of rebellion, the Irish leaders occupying Dublin’s GPO were encircled by the larger British forces, but managed to flee to new headquarters nearby at 16 Moore Street. James Connolly, who had initially been in command, passed the leadership role to Patrick Pearse after sustaining a bullet wound to his ankle. Pearse’s notice of surrender was carried by Elizabeth O’Farrell, a nurse. In the aftermath of the rising, 3,430 men and 79 women were arrested. 90 were sentenced to death, 15 of whom – including the leaders of the rebellion and signatories of the Proclamation – were executed.