Green Hills, White Houses

White House architect James Hoban was honored on Irish postage stamps.

By Irish America Staff
October / November 2017

The 200-Year Relationship Between Irish Builders and America’s Capital

In September, the James Hoban Societies of the United States and Ireland organized a day-long celebration of the Irish connection to Washington, D.C., from its foundation as federal capital to its position as a world center of diplomacy, culture, and learning. In particular, the event recognized the 200th anniversary of the rebuilding of the White House and U.S. Capitol after their destruction by fire in the War of 1812 by Irish-born architect James Hoban, and the 65th anniversary of the interior rebuilding and modernizing of the White House by John McShain, the son of a Derry immigrant.

When the city of Washington was commissioned in the late 1780s, the territory chosen for its early footprint was a sylvan tract already occupied by settled families of well-respected immigrant stock, most of them living in modest mansions and engaged in farming.

The U.S. Capitol under reconstruction following the War of 1812.

Families like Barry, Carberry, Carroll, Corcoran, Hoban, Lalor, and Lynch were – or were descended from – the talented and dynamic emigrants from Ireland for whom the prospect of involvement in a project of unlimited possibility but considerable risk had a natural attraction. In the roll call of Washington’s early “movers and shakers,” the number of individuals and groupings of Irish origin or ancestry is truly remarkable.

The shell of the White House during the 1948-1952 renovations led by John McShain.

In addition to the major families and figures, there were hundreds of Irish clerics, traders, foremen, laborers, domestics and fortune-seekers who made up the diverse community of a town that took some time to find its shape and rhythm. The green hills and white houses of Ireland that had been the natural environment of many of these Irish immigrants were replaced by the green hills and white houses of Maryland, itself a unique political and religious entity in the English colonial system.

 

President Harry Truman holds a trowel as he prepares to lay the cornerstone for the NIH Clinical Center on June 22, 1951. He is accompanied by the NIH director William Sebrell, Jr., Federal Security Agency Administrator Oscar Ewing, contractor John McShain (front row, left), and Surgeon General Leonard Scheele. 1953. (Photo: National Institutes of Health)

Even Benjamin Henry Latrobe, the promoter of an English-style architectural approach favored by President Thomas Jefferson, was the son of an Irish-born father.

But it would be James Hoban who would leave the first permanent Irish mark on the nation’s capital. In addition to winning the design competition to reconstruct the White House, Hoban, who was born near Callan, County Kilkenny, also supervised the construction of the U.S. Capitol building as well as numerous other public buildings throughout the city.

John McShain built Washington National Airport, seen here in 1941.

More than 130 years later, John McShain, who took over his immigrant father’s construction company in 1919 at age 23, was selected to head the gutting and reconstruction of the White House interior under President Harry Truman, which was completed in 1952. McShain also oversaw the construction of the Pentagon, Washington National Airport, the Jefferson Memorial, the Kennedy Center, and the Library of Congress annex, earning him the nickname “the man who built Washington.” He also had a strong personal connection to Ireland himself, purchasing an estate in County Kerry in 1956 and bequeathing it to the Irish state upon his death in 1989 to be incorporated into Killarney National Park.

“Delighted to officially open Killarney House today along with @BGriffinTD. Another jewel added to Kerry’s tourism crown!” Minister for Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht Heather Humphries tweeted in July at the opening of John McShain’s Killarney House. (Photo: Heather Humphries / Twitter)

In addition to the event in Washington, D.C., the society also held a series of summer school sessions in Callan, following the unveiling there of a heritage marker on Hoban’s life and work and in Killarney in conjunction with the formal opening of McShain’s Killarney House in July after a $8.2 million refurbishment. ♦

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VIDEOS
Green Hills, White Houses: Introduction and Presentations to Becky Bushong and William Seale

Green Hills, White Houses: Don Hawkins on the Carrolls of Maryland 

Green Hills, White Houses: Pamela Scott on Irish Gardeners in Early DC

Green Hills, White Houses: Brian O’Connell on Architecture and Parliamentary Democracy

Green Hills, White Houses: Andrew McCarthy on Hoban’s 1817 White House

Green Hills, White Houses: Kathie Wycoff on Martin Renehan

Green Hills, White Houses: Robert Klara on the Truman Reconstruction

Green Hills, White Houses: David Kilroy on US Presidents in Ireland

Green Hills, White Houses: Travis Price on The Spirit of Place

 

2 Responses to “Green Hills, White Houses”

  1. Wow, great work, Irish America staff. I’m going to be checking out those videos!

  2. Aaron Smith says:

    So amazing! Thanks for sharing.

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