Edition Cover

IA_February_March_2016_Cover.r

February / March 2016

Launch Digital Edition

Top Stories

Boston and the Irish Rising

The battle for the hearts and minds of the Boston Irish took a sharp turn in the aftermath of the 1916 Irish...

More
The Poets’ Revolution

Three of the men who signed the Proclamation of the Irish Republic had published poetry before the Rising. But many more...

More
The Rising: A Guided Tour

Take a journey around Dublin to relive the events and see the locations of the Easter 1916 Rising. ℘℘℘ What could be...

More
Michael Collins: From the GPO
to Béal na mBláth

Michael Collins was born into a farming family near Clonakilty in County Cork in 1890. In 1906 he passed a civil service...

More
1916: Portraits and Lives
A Beautiful Tome

Unheralded men and women became leaders in the crucible of 1916. A new book by the Royal Irish Academy offers portraits and...

More

In This Issue

1916 – 2016: The Centenary

View of the  O’Connell Bridge, looking north,  following the British shelling of Dublin during the  Rising.

Welcome to the 1916 Centenary issue of Irish America. ℘℘℘ This special issue of Irish America is dedicated to the centenary of the 1916 Easter Rising. Its aim is two-fold: to highlight and...

More

First Word:
“Two Hearts Beat as One”

Detail from an 1866 Fenian bond sold in America, urging Irish Civil War soldiers to return to Ireland to fight for independence.

“No New York.  No America.  No Easter Rising.  It’s simple as that.” – Director of Glucksman Ireland House, NYU, J.J. Lee ℘℘℘ While editing the articles in this issue, I was struck...

More

First Trans-Atlantic Fiber-Optic
Cable Connects Ireland and US

Enda Kenny observes the cable landing in Sligo last year. (Photo: Naoise Culhane)

Ireland and the U.S. are now connected through a brand new $300 million transatlantic fiber-optic cable that went live on January 31. Aqua Comms, the Irish based company behind the America Europe...

More

Irish Miracle Baby

Jenny and Zoe Ireland Drake at Dublin's Rotunda Hospital.

Zoe Ireland Drake, the American baby girl born just minutes after landing in Dublin on October 28th, 2015, spent Christmas in Ireland. Her parents, Jenny and Gavin Drake, have remained in Dublin...

More

Waterford Artifact May Be
Oldest in Ireland

A flint axe found in County Waterford similar to this one may be the oldest Irish artifact ever.

In mid-2015, a group of fishermen off the coast of Waterford inadvertently picked up what could potentially be Ireland’s oldest archeological artifact. While trawling for scallops off Creaden Head...

More

Kerry WWII Veteran Receives
France’s Highest Honor

Jack Mahony received the Chevalier de La Légion d’Honneur for his valor during WWII.

Ninety-seven-year-old Kerry man John “Jack” Mahony was named a Chevalier de La Légion d’Honneur, France’s highest honor, for his participation in the European theater of World War II. Mahony...

More

Ireland Launches Campaign to
Bring Emigrants Back

Minister of State for the Diaspora Jimmy Deenihan.

In early December of 2015, the Irish government launched a campaign to bring its emigrants home to help grow the economy. Inspired in part by #hometovote, the hashtag that urged Irish abroad to come...

More

30 Years Later:
The Anglo-Irish Agreement

Garret Fitzgerald and Margaret Thatcher shake hands after signing the Anglo-Irish Agreement at Hillsborough.

November of last year marked the 30th anniversary of the signing of the Anglo-Irish Agreement, which attempted to bring an end to the sectarian violence in Northern Ireland. Signed by then-Taoiseach...

More

Arlene Foster is N.I.’s
First Female First Minister

Arlene Foster, First Minister of Northern Ireland. (Photo: Michael Cooper)

Arlene Foster, the leader of the Democratic Unionist Party, the largest political party in the Northern Ireland Assembly, officially began her tenure as First Minister of Northern Ireland...

More

First Soldier Arrested for 1972
Bloody Sunday Deaths

Bloody Sunday.

This past November, detectives in County Antrim arrested a former British soldier who was involved in 1972’s Bloody Sunday. The arrest was the first made in connection with the incident, which...

More

Irish Eye on Hollywood:
Awards Season Highlights Irish Talent

Brie Larson.

It’s that time of year again in Hollywood. Everyone from critics’ associations to film review boards are giving out awards, all leading up to the Oscars, which will be held this year on February...

More

Irish Eye on Hollywood:
Mammal Gives Second Chances at Sundance

Mammal's Barry Keoghan.

The Irish will be represented at the prestigious annual Sundance Film Festival. In Mammal, star Rachel Griffiths (Six Feet Under) portrays a woman named Margaret who has learned that the teenaged...

More

Irish Eye on Hollywood:
Fionnula Flanagan Returns to the Box Office

Fionnula Flanagan.

Fionnula Flanagan has already appeared in one movie slated for an early 2016 release and is shaping up to have an overall busy year. Flanagan – the Dublin-born veteran of stage and screen – was...

More

Irish Eye on Hollywood:
Driving Miss Daisy for the
21st Century

Californication's Natascha McElhone.

Californication actress Natascha McElhone, who uses her Irish mother’s name for professional purposes, is slated to appear alongside Eddie Murphy in what is being pitched as a heartwarming film in...

More

Irish Eye on Hollywood:
“F is for Family”

Bill Burr.

Comedian Bill Burr has found inspiration for his next project in his Irish American roots. The result is a dark animated comedy entitled F is for Family, now streaming on Netflix. “Sometime in my...

More

Irish Eye on Hollywood:
Wrestling onto the Big Screen

WWE Champion Sheamus.

He was born Stephen Farrelly in Cabra, Dublin, and raised to speak fluent Irish, but the world knows him best as the professional wrestler Sheamus. A World Wrestling Entertainment champion, Sheamus...

More

Irish Eye on Hollywood:
Aidan Gillen’s Roundtable

Aidan Gillen.

Aidan Gillen (The Wire, Game of Thrones) sticks with the historical costume genre in Knights of the Roundtable: King Arthur, to be directed by Sherlock Holmes auteur Guy Ritchie. Gillen stars...

More

Irish Eye on Hollywood:
Colin Morgan Is on the Up

Colin Morgan.

Armagh native Colin Morgan (above) is currently busy with two Hollywood movies as well as a BBC TV series. In April, look for Morgan beside Chris Hemsworth and Charlize Theron in The...

More

William Campbell’s Nobel Prize

Dr. William Campbell, who received the Nobel Prize in Medicine last year. Photo courtesy Drew University.

Donegal native Dr. William Campbell was awarded the Nobel Prize in medicine for his work on a drug that fights roundworm-related infections. He and his colleague, Professor Satoshi Omura, shared this...

More

Friendly Sons of St. Patrick
Induct Anne Anderson

Ambassador Anne Anderson introduces Irish America Wall Street 50 keynote Shaun Kelly last year. Photo: Nuala Purcell.

Irish Ambassador to the U.S. Anne Anderson will become the first female member of the Philadelphia chapter of the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, an honorary role, at a St. Patrick’s Day dinner this...

More

Irish Presidential Awards

Pictured at the Presidential Distinguished Service Awards ceremony were: Back row: Fr. Brendan McBride (US), Taoiseach Enda Kenny, Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade, Charles Flanagan, TD, and Minister for the Diaspora, Jimmy Deenihan, TD.  Tom Moran (US). Front Row: Solicitor Gareth Peirce, Fr. Donal Doyle (Japan), Maureen Murphy (US), Sabina Higgins, President Michael D Higgins, Sr. Dr Miriam Duggan (Kenya), Charles Handy (UK), Niall FitzGerald (UK), Mario Vargas Llosa (Peru).

Three Americans received Irish Presidential Distinguished Service Awards on December 3rd last year. Tom Moran is a hugely successful businessman and a well-respected humanitarian. Born on Staten...

More

St. Patrick’s Day Parades 2016

Former Maine Senator George Mitchell will serve as Grand Marshal for the New York St. Patrick's Day Parade.

George Mitchell, the former senate majority leader (D – Maine) and Northern Ireland peace broker, has accepted the invitation to be the Grand Marshal of New York’s 5th Avenue St. Patrick’s Day...

More

Those We Lost

From Left: Rick Cluchey, Aidan Higgins, Christy O'Connor, Jr.

Rick Cluchey 1933 – 2015 On February 2, 1955, the man who would become one of Samuel Beckett’s greatest protegés, got into a car in Los Angeles with a loaded gun. Rick Cluchey robbed and...

More

1916 Events:
A Transcontinental Commemoration

TEADA.

The program for the 2016 U.S. commemorations of the 100th anniversary of the 1916 Easter Rising launched in January with members of the Irish and American governments and Irish celebrities in New...

More

1916 Memorials in the U.S.

A new Remembrance Garden in Springfield, MA is one of many existing and / or planned memorials to the Easter Rising in the U.S.

Though the majority of memorials to the Easter Rising are on the East Coast, the influence of the revolution are spread from Golden Gate Park to Long Island Sound. ℘℘℘ Springfield,...

More

Robert Emmet:
A Symbol for Independence

Irish sculptor Jerome Connor.

Within sight of the Irish Embassy is Kerry-born sculptor Jerome Connor’s famous memorial to Irish patriot Robert Emmet, commissioned in 1916 by a group of Irish Americans (including the singer...

More

NLI Launches Ambitious 1916
Centenary Program

The National Library of Ireland.

In addition to the 70,000 digital images already available through the National Library of Ireland’s (NLI) online catalogue and the Irish Military Archives’ file, the personal papers and...

More

Dublin GPO Opens 1916 Visitors’ Center

Artist’s rendition of the interior of the new immersive G.P.O. exhibition space.

A new immersive exhibit is slated to open at Dublin’s General Post Office in March as part of the Irish government’s commemoration program for 1916. The exhibit – dubbed the “G.P.O. Witness...

More

Cork Newspapers were “Actors and Reporters” Following the Rising

Pictured (l-r): Dr Michael Murphy, President of UCC; student Alan McCarthy from Charleville; and Professor Liam Marnane, Dean of Graduate Studies, UCC at the launch of the fifth volume of The Boolean. Photo: Donagh Glavin

An article written by Alan McCarthy, a first-year Ph.D. student in the School of History at University College Cork (UCC), reveals the unique importance of County Cork newspapers following the 1916...

More

Civil Rights Ruling on Malaysian Massacre Has Implications for N.I.

UK Supreme Court.

The U.K. Supreme Court’s recent ruling in a Malaysian civil rights case has caused dramatic repercussions for Northern Ireland. Families of victims of the Batang Kali massacre were pursuing action...

More

First Model of Irish Unification Published

Dr. Kurt Hübner, who led the research.

The first ever independent, non-partisan study that models the economic implications of a politically and economically united Ireland suggests that there would be positive effects on both sides of...

More

A Strike Against The Empire

Manning the barricades: Archive image of a barricade across Talbot Street, Dublin, manned by British soldiers in an effot to quell the insurrection of Irish nationalists during the Easter Rising of 1916. Credit - CAMERA PRESS/ILN.

Notre Dame’s Keough-Naughton Institute has produced a documentary on the Easter Rising that promises to stir a global debate on the historic event that led to Ireland’s...

More

Profiles in Courage:
The Executed Leaders

Clockwise from left, the signatories of the 1916 Proclamation: Pádraig Pearse, Joseph Mary Plunkett, James Connolly, Thomas Clarke, Eamonn Ceannt, Thomas MacDonagh, Sean MacDiarmada.

The 16 men who were executed in the aftermath of the Easter Rising included the seven leaders who sealed their fate by signing the Proclamation (Forógra na Poblachta). It was read by Pádraig Pearse...

More

Printing the Proclamation

1916 Proclamation. See full-size below.

The 1916 Proclamation of the Irish Republic has been called the most important document in Irish history, establishing the idea of equal rights across gender, fair labor practices, and conferring the...

More

Roger Casement:
The Last Martyr

Casement was captured on April 21
having landed in Kerry via German submarine. He was transferred to the Tower of London, charged with espionage and treason, and hanged on June 29, 1916.

Hanged by the British in 1916 for working with Germany and Irish nationalists in planning the Easter Rising of 1916, Sir Roger Casement is remembered as the “father of twentieth-century human...

More

Michael Collins: From the GPO
to Béal na mBláth

Collins  addresses a crowd in Cork, 1922.

Michael Collins was born into a farming family near Clonakilty in County Cork in 1890. In 1906 he passed a civil service exam and went to London to work in the British postal system, which included...

More

Éamon de Valera:
Man of Mystery

De Valera under arrest by British troops  following the Rising.

Éamon de Valera, the dominant political figure of Ireland’s 20th century, was an enigmatic figure to the end of his life.  ℘℘℘ Éamon de Valera was sentenced to death for his involvement in...

More

Joe McGarrity:
De Valera’s Man in America

Joseph  McGarrity greeting Countess Constance Markievicz at Broad Street Station, Philadelphia in April 1922.

“…the general awakening that was taking place in Ireland seemed to make us forget everything else for the time and think only of the fight in prospect.” – Joe McGarrity ℘℘℘ Joe...

More

Women of the Rising

Mary Spring Rice and Molly Childers on board the Asgard holding arms from  Germany which were successfully landed in Howth Harbour, July 26, 1914.

Irish women played a key role during Easter week 1916 but it’s largely been forgotten. ℘℘℘ Pádraig Pearse stands on the steps of the G.P.O. on Easter Monday, 1916, the Proclamation of the...

More

Constance Gore-Booth:
The Rebel Countess

Countess Markievicz in prison  following the Rising.

Constance Gore-Booth may have married a Polish Count, but in her heart she was an Irish revolutionary who had an active part in the Easter Rising and in the formation of the new...

More

Eoin MacNeill:
The Man Who Cried Halt!

Eoin MacNeill, the man who called off the Rising.

Eoin MacNeill tried to stop the Rising, but there would have been no Rising without him. Maureen Murphy writes that it’s time to reevaluate the role of this true Irish patriot. ℘℘℘ When it...

More

Hand in Hand for Freedom:
U.S. Labor and Irish Rebels

erry  O’Sullivan, General  President of the  Laborers’ International Union of North America, at a U.S. and Irish Trade Union event at the Mansion House in Dublin,  organized by Sinn Féin to mark the 100th  anniversary of the 1913 Lockout strike.

The trade union movement in America played a major role in Ireland’s struggle for freedom. But Irish rebels also played a significant role in building the American trade union movement, writes...

More

New York: Irish Fenian’s
Home from Home

Left to right: Harry Boland, Liam  Mellows, Éamon De Valera, John Devoy (seated), Patrick  McCartan, and Diarmuid Lynch at the Waldorf  Astoria Hotel in New York, June 1919.

When Irish exiles needed a refuge, they swarmed to New York and established a hotbed of anti-British sentiment and activity that fed the flames of Irish freedom. ℘℘℘ The Great Famine in the...

More

The German Connection

Roger  Casement (left) with John Devoy in New York, 1914.

As World War I loomed, the U.S. was wracked by political, ethnic, and religious tension. Most Americans hoped to remain neutral, but the Irish in the U.S. were not shy about whom to root...

More

Boston and the Irish Rising

Carrying banners urging the abrogation of all treaties with England until the Irish Republic was recognized, a delegation of women from Boston, New York, Baltimore, Chicago, and Washington marched past the White House and on to the Capitol on April 1, 1920. They were led by Mrs. Gertrude Corless wife of the noted actor Thomas K. Corless. The Capitol police force was kept busy to keep them from entering the capitol with their banners.

The battle for the hearts and minds of the Boston Irish took a sharp turn in the aftermath of the 1916 Irish Rising. ℘℘℘ Prior to the 1916 Rising, Boston’s Irish community had maintained...

More

The Spy in the Castle

David Neligan in 1923.

David Neligan, a member of the Dublin Metropolitan Police, acted as a valuable agent for Michael Collins by passing on vital information during the Irish War of Independence (1919–21). He...

More

The Irish Rebellion
in the Age of Cable News

The NY World printing room with a Linotype machine.

Today world news is immediate but 100 years ago transmission depended on telegraph cables under the Atlantic ocean that were subject to wartime and censorship conditions.  ℘℘℘ In April 1916,...

More

The Rising: A Guided Tour

Dublin is an urban battlefield. The Ha’penny Bridge where the toll collector stayed in place during the Rising  demanding the half penny toll from rebels  as they crossed over.

Take a journey around Dublin to relive the events and see the locations of the Easter 1916 Rising. ℘℘℘ What could be better than having your own local expert on hand to answer your every...

More

1916: Portraits and Lives
A Beautiful Tome

Printing the Proclamation. All drawings by David Rooney.

Unheralded men and women became leaders in the crucible of 1916. A new book by the Royal Irish Academy offers portraits and biographies of those involved in the Rising.  ℘℘℘ Irish people are...

More

The Poets’ Revolution

Left to right, the poets of the Rising: Countess Markievicz, W.B. Yeats, Dora Sigerson, The O'Rahilly.

Three of the men who signed the Proclamation of the Irish Republic had published poetry before the Rising. But many more revolutionaries who participated were writers, scholars, and artists,...

More

Last Word:
The United Irishmen and their American Legacy

Thomas Addis Emmet.

When the rebellion of 1798 failed, many of The United Irishmen, including Thomas Addis Emmet, came to the United States where their influence was enormous. ℘℘℘ You may well wonder why a...

More

Review of Books

Recently published books of Irish and Irish American interest.

Irish Hunger and Migration: Myth, Memory and Memorialization Edited by Patrick Fitzgerald, Christine Kinealy, and Gerard Moran The biennial Ulster-American Heritage Symposium, which explores...

More

Photo Album:
Discovering Rossa on Film

Rossa Cole (left) and  Williams Rossa Cole at Jeremiah O’Donovan Rossa’s grave.    The brothers are making a documentary film about their great-grandfather, the Irish Fenian leader.

Growing up in New York City, there was always a formal photographic portrait of our great-grandfather Jeremiah O’Donovan Rossa on the wall of our apartment. In this photo, Rossa looks dignified,...

More

Hibernia

Irish Eye on Hollywood:
Mammal Gives Second Chances at Sundance

The Irish will be represented at the prestigious annual Sundance Film Festival. In Mammal, star...

Cork Newspapers were “Actors and Reporters” Following the Rising

An article written by Alan McCarthy, a first-year Ph.D. student in the School of History at...

Ireland Launches Campaign to
Bring Emigrants Back

In early December of 2015, the Irish government launched a campaign to bring its emigrants home to...

Robert Emmet:
A Symbol for Independence

Within sight of the Irish Embassy is Kerry-born sculptor Jerome Connor’s famous memorial to...

Dublin GPO Opens 1916 Visitors’ Center

A new immersive exhibit is slated to open at Dublin’s General Post Office in March as part of the...

William Campbell’s Nobel Prize

Donegal native Dr. William Campbell was awarded the Nobel Prize in medicine for his work on a drug...

Irish Eye on Hollywood:
Awards Season Highlights Irish Talent

It’s that time of year again in Hollywood. Everyone from critics’ associations to film review...

Irish Eye on Hollywood:
Aidan Gillen’s Roundtable

Aidan Gillen (The Wire, Game of Thrones) sticks with the historical costume genre in Knights of...

First Trans-Atlantic Fiber-Optic
Cable Connects Ireland and US

Ireland and the U.S. are now connected through a brand new $300 million transatlantic fiber-optic...

Irish Presidential Awards

Three Americans received Irish Presidential Distinguished Service Awards on December 3rd last...

Irish Miracle Baby

Zoe Ireland Drake, the American baby girl born just minutes after landing in Dublin on October...

First Soldier Arrested for 1972
Bloody Sunday Deaths

This past November, detectives in County Antrim arrested a former British soldier who was involved...

30 Years Later:
The Anglo-Irish Agreement

November of last year marked the 30th anniversary of the signing of the Anglo-Irish Agreement,...

1916 Events:
A Transcontinental Commemoration

The program for the 2016 U.S. commemorations of the 100th anniversary of the 1916 Easter Rising...

Those We Lost

Rick Cluchey 1933 – 2015 On February 2, 1955, the man who would become one of Samuel Beckett’s...

Irish Eye on Hollywood:
Fionnula Flanagan Returns to the Box Office

Fionnula Flanagan has already appeared in one movie slated for an early 2016 release and is shaping...

Irish Eye on Hollywood:
Driving Miss Daisy for the
21st Century

Californication actress Natascha McElhone, who uses her Irish mother’s name for professional...

First Model of Irish Unification Published

The first ever independent, non-partisan study that models the economic implications of a...

Waterford Artifact May Be
Oldest in Ireland

In mid-2015, a group of fishermen off the coast of Waterford inadvertently picked up what could...

NLI Launches Ambitious 1916
Centenary Program

In addition to the 70,000 digital images already available through the National Library of...

Irish Eye on Hollywood:
Colin Morgan Is on the Up

Armagh native Colin Morgan (above) is currently busy with two Hollywood movies as well as a BBC TV...

1916 Memorials in the U.S.

Though the majority of memorials to the Easter Rising are on the East Coast, the influence of the...

Friendly Sons of St. Patrick
Induct Anne Anderson

Irish Ambassador to the U.S. Anne Anderson will become the first female member of the Philadelphia...

Civil Rights Ruling on Malaysian Massacre Has Implications for N.I.

The U.K. Supreme Court’s recent ruling in a Malaysian civil rights case has caused dramatic...

Kerry WWII Veteran Receives
France’s Highest Honor

Ninety-seven-year-old Kerry man John “Jack” Mahony was named a Chevalier de La Légion...

Arlene Foster is N.I.’s
First Female First Minister

Arlene Foster, the leader of the Democratic Unionist Party, the largest political party in the...

Irish Eye on Hollywood:
“F is for Family”

Comedian Bill Burr has found inspiration for his next project in his Irish American roots. The...

St. Patrick’s Day Parades 2016

George Mitchell, the former senate majority leader (D – Maine) and Northern Ireland peace broker,...

Irish Eye on Hollywood:
Wrestling onto the Big Screen

He was born Stephen Farrelly in Cabra, Dublin, and raised to speak fluent Irish, but the world...